Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day 2024: Wishes, History, Key Facts, and Tourist Spots

Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day 2024: Wishes, History, Key Facts, and Tourist Spots

Curated By: Nibandh Vinod

Last Updated: February 20, 2024, 00:12 IST

Golden Pagoda of Namsai in Arunachal Pradesh. The state is also known as the ‘Land Of The Rising Sun’. (Image: Shutterstock)

Arunachal Pradesh was formerly known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) until it was granted statehood on 20 February 1987.

The Northern States Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh celebrate their Foundation Day on February 20, since 1987. This declaration was made by the Indian Government following the 53rd Amendment of the Indian Constitution in 1986. Arunachal Pradesh, located in the extreme northern part of the country, is also known as the ‘Land Of The Rising Sun’. Proudly situated on the edge of the Himalayas, it is renowned for its dawn-lit mountains. February 20 marks the Statehood Day of both Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram.


  1. Wishing the wonderful people of Arunachal Pradesh a joyous Foundation Day! May the spirit of unity, peace, and progress continue to flourish in this beautiful state.
  2. Warmest greetings to the resilient community of Arunachal Pradesh on this special day! May the journey ahead be filled with prosperity, harmony, and boundless opportunities. Happy Foundation Day!
  3. Sending heartfelt wishes to the land of dawn-lit mountains, Arunachal Pradesh, on its Foundation Day! May the state continue to shine brightly with its rich culture, breathtaking landscapes, and unwavering spirit. Cheers to many more years of growth and prosperity!
  4. Happy Foundation Day to the vibrant state of Arunachal Pradesh! May this occasion inspire renewed dedication towards building a stronger, more inclusive society, where every individual’s dreams and aspirations find fulfillment. Best wishes for a bright future ahead!
  5. On the anniversary of Arunachal Pradesh’s Foundation Day, let’s celebrate the remarkable journey of this diverse and dynamic state! May the bonds of brotherhood, peace, and progress continue to strengthen, paving the way for a brighter tomorrow. Happy celebrations to all!


India gained independence in August 1947, and at that time, Arunachal Pradesh was known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA), administered by the state of Assam. In 1972, NEFA was designated a Union Territory, and a portion of it was renamed Arunachal Pradesh.

On February 20, 1987, it attained full statehood, becoming the 25th state of the Indian Union.

This Himalayan state shares borders with Bhutan to the west, Tibet to the north, Myanmar and Nagaland to the south and southeast, and Assam to the south and southwest. Internationally, it also shares borders with China. The Chinese claim this region as their own, and in 1962, there was conflict over it during the Sino-Indian War. Arunachal Pradesh boasts the lowest population density of any Indian state, with most inhabitants residing in valleys. Urban centers are scarce in this state.

Itanagar serves as the state capital, housing the Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the seat of government.

The city is home to various tribes, including the Nyishi, Adi, Apatani, Tagin, and Galo. Notable historical sites in Itanagar include the Ita Fort, meaning “fort of bricks”, believed to have been constructed in the 14th or 15th century. Other historic sites worth visiting include the Jawaharlal Nehru Museum and the Ganga Lake.


Arunachal Pradesh is located in the northeastern part of India, bordered by Bhutan to the west, Tibet to the north, Myanmar to the east, and the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south. It is known for its rugged terrain, dense forests, and snow-capped peaks, as it lies on the foothills of the Himalayas.

The official language of the state is English. However, various indigenous languages and dialects are also spoken by different tribal communities. The state is known for its rich cultural heritage, with each tribe having its own distinct traditions, customs, and festivals.

Agriculture and forestry are the primary economic activities in the state. It also has significant potential for hydropower generation and tourism.


  1. TawangKnown for its scenic beauty, Tawang is famous for the Tawang Monastery, one of the largest monasteries in India. It also offers breathtaking views of snow-clad mountains and serene lakes.
  2. Ziro ValleyRecognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Ziro Valley is renowned for its picturesque landscapes, traditional Apatani villages, and vibrant festivals.
  3. BomdilaSituated at an altitude of over 8,000 feet, Bomdila offers panoramic views of the Himalayan ranges. It is also home to the Bomdila Monastery and several trekking routes.
  4. DirangA quaint town known for its hot water springs, apple orchards, and Buddhist monasteries. Dirang also serves as a base for trekking expeditions to nearby areas.
  5. Namdapha National ParkOne of the largest national parks in India, Namdapha is a biodiversity hotspot, home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including the elusive snow leopard and the Hoolock gibbon.
  6. Sela PassSituated at an altitude of over 13,000 feet, Sela Pass offers mesmerizing views of snow-capped mountains and is often covered with snow throughout the year.
  7. PasighatLocated on the banks of the Siang River, Pasighat is known for its scenic beauty, rich cultural heritage, and adventure sports opportunities such as river rafting and angling.

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